pakistan amtssprachen englisch

Rahman provides a broad introduction to the phonology of Pakistani English. Numbers including and beyond 100,000 are expressed in a subset of the Pakistani numbering system. [10], Pakistani English (PE) shares many similarities with Indian English, but since the independence of Pakistan, there have been some very obvious differences. All of Pakistan's major dailies are published in or have an edition in English. The role of English within the complex multilingual society of Pakistan is far from straightforward: it is used across the country by speakers with various degrees of proficiency; the grammar and phraseology may mimic that of the speaker's first language. Pakistan has the fifth largest population (207.77 million) in the world. Click on a coloured area to see an article about English in that country or region, This article is about the dialect of the English language. [14], Urdu and English are Pakistan's official languages. Indus News is now another major English Language News Channel in Pakistan. "cantonment" – permanent military installation. Retrieved 1 July 2009, like, a., adv. "club" or "clubbing" – To merge or put two things together. [11], Words and expressions of PE have been noted by a number of scholars,[12] including unique idioms and colloquial expressions as well as accents. Learn more. Als kostenloses Lernportal freuen wir uns über einen Kaffee oder eine kleine Spende, um das Projekt weiterzuentwickeln. Pakistani English contains many unique terms,[citation needed] as well as terms which are utilised somewhat differently in Pakistan. The name "Pakistan" is the Urdu and Persian translation for "Land of the Pure" and refers to the many Muslims who live in the country. The word is a. It was first so recognised and designated in the 1970s and 1980s. Often the cause of undesirable confusion. ", "Pakistan Now a Hot Spot for IT Outsourcing",,, "Investors lose Rs 4.4 lakh crore in four days", "Back Corporate chiefs getting crores in salaries: 100 and counting! A multitude of ‘lishes’: The nomenclature of hybridity. dicky, dickey, n., Oxford English Dictionary, 2009. [6]:288–323 In 1947 upon Pakistan's establishment, English became the de facto official language, a position which was formalised in the Constitution of Pakistan of 1973. iii, "An unnatural tension of the nerves", multiply, v., Oxford English Dictionary, 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2009, "English as lingua franca: A linguistic imperialism? Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pakistan. Egal ob Newsletter, YouTube, Instagram oder Facebook – es gibt viele Möglichkeiten auf dem Laufenden zu bleiben! Pakistan boasts a large English language press and (more recently) media. Pakistani English or Paklish or Pinglish[2][3] is the group of English language varieties spoken and written in Pakistan. Although there are also many schools that teach in the local languages, there is a huge emphasis on English as a second language especially in standardised testing. While English is not a common native language in Pakistan, it is used widely in education, commerce, and the legal and judicial systems. Code-switching (the concurrent use of more than one language, or language variety, in conversation) is common in Pakistan and almost all conversations in whatever language have a significant English component. "cent per cent", "cent percent" – "100 percent/100 per cent" as in "He got cent per cent in math/maths". Another colloquial portmanteau word is Paklish (recorded from 1997). "register" as opposed to "notebook," a phrase more commonly used in the US. [11]:21–40, Pakistani English is heavily influenced by Pakistan's languages as well as the English of other nations. This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 20:20. [16] At college and university level, all instructions are typically in English.[17]. Together with Urdu, the two languages are concurrently the official languages of the country. However, like Indian English, Pakistani English has preserved many phrases that are now considered antiquated in Britain. Willst du ein- bis zweimal im Monat per E-Mail informiert werden über wertvolle Lerntipps und Strategien, sowie Updates unserer kostenlosen Portale? Retrieved 1 July 2009, 1756 BURKE Subl. Urdu, however, is the national language. [dubious – discuss]. not generally well known outside South Asia) and/or popular in Pakistan include those in the following by no means exhaustive list: Words which are considered archaic in some varieties of English, but are still in use in Pakistani English: The Pakistani numbering system is preferred for digit grouping. While Pakistani speakers of English use idioms peculiar to their homeland (often literal translations of words and phrases from their native languages), this is far less common in proficient speakers, and grammar tends to be quite close to that of Standard English but exhibiting some features of American English. Many words or terms from Urdu, such as 'cummerbund', have entered the global language and are also found in Pakistan. Words unique to (i.e. For English people of Pakistani descent, see. ), and n.2, Oxford English Dictionary, 2009. Pakistan definition: 1. a country in South Asia 2. a country in South Asia. ", The Urdu-English Relationship and Its Impact on Pakistan's Social Development, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands,, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Pakistani English, Language articles without speaker estimate, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2011, Articles with disputed statements from December 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with dead external links from September 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, redressal: n. redress, remedy, reparation, "stepney" refers to a spare tyre. Learn more. Pakistani definition: 1. belonging to or relating to Pakistan or its people 2. a person from Pakistan 3. belonging to or…. Pakistan's national language is Urdu.It is also proposed to be the co-official languages along with English.. Hier findest du alle Kanäle, auf denen wir dich mit Updates zu neuen Lerneinheiten und Lernmethoden, sowie hilfreichen Lerntipps versorgen. ("giving a test" is used to refer to a person who is going to conduct the test). Pakistani English (PE) (similar and related to British English) is slightly different from other dialects of English in respect to vocabulary, syntax, accent, spellings of some words and other features. English is the official language of Pakistan. In addition the area which is now Pakistan was home to the largest garrisons of the British Indian Army (such as Rawalpindi and Peshawar) and this, combined with the post-partition influence of the Pakistan Military, has ensured that many military terms have entered the local jargon.[11]:76–78. [8] It remains much in demand in higher education in Pakistan. Although British rule in India lasted for almost two hundred years, the areas which lie in what is now Pakistan were amongst the last to be annexed: Sindh in 1842, Punjab (which initially included the North-West Frontier Province) in 1849, and parts of Baluchistan, including Quetta and the outer regions in 1879, while the rest of the Baluchistan region became a princely state within the British Indian Empire. "Just club it together.”. Auch kleine Beträge helfen uns dabei. The heavy influence and penetration of American culture through television, films and other media has brought in great influences of American English. It may be rhotic or non-rhotic. Thus, the following scale is used: Larger numbers are generally expressed as multiples of the above.[25][26]. [6] The colonial policies which made English a marker of elite status and the language of power—being used in such domains of power as the civil service, the officer corps of the armed forces, the higher judiciary, universities, prestigious newspapers, radio and entertainment—was due to British policies[7]:22–58 and the continuation of these policies by Pakistani Governments. "taking an exam/test" as opposed to "taking/writing an exam", a phrase more commonly used in the US and Canada. The country's 1973 constitution mandated the … It is used in official business, government, and legal contracts. When written in words, or when spoken, numbers less than 100,000 are expressed just as they are in Standard English. All government documents, many street signs, many shop signs, business contracts and other activities use English. This category has the following 19 subcategories, out of 19 total. English language continues as the language of power and is also the language with the maximum cultural capital of any language used in Pakistan. Pakistan is a country in southern Asia.It is next to India, Iran, Afghanistan, and China.It is officially called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.It has a long coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south. Pakistan is a multilingual country with more than sixty languages being spoken. Word pairs "up to" and "in spite" compounded to "upto" and "inspite" respectively. [13] Foreign companies find accent neutralisation easier[13] in Pakistan than in India. Subcategories. The language of the courts is also English. [4] It was first so recognised and designated in the 1970s and 1980s. Lambert, James. "pressurise" – to put pressure on someone, to influence. [5] Pakistani English (PE) (similar and related to British English) is slightly different from other dialects of English in respect to vocabulary, syntax, accent, spellings of some words and other features. For instance, "chips" is used for potato chips as well as for French fries (usage of these terms is common in the UK) and "lemon" is used for both lime and lemon.[11]:69–71. * Pakistan-related lists‎ (7 P) B a name for a resident of a locality, often the same as the name of the people's native language, ranked so that every one but the topmost is subordinate to a specified one above it, attitudes and principles of right and wrong in behaviour, occurring in time long past, usually in remote ages, a point where many routes meet and traffic is distributed, having more people, as a relative comparison of regions, an official count of members of a population, a person seeking a state of safety, protection or shelter in a foreign country out of fear of political persecution or due to poverty, pertaining to a territorial area within a country, the part of government which has the power to make laws, the military forces of a nation, such as the army, navy, air force and marines, gross domestic product; a measure of the economic production of a particular territory in financial capital terms over a specific time period, - Ethnic groups in Pakistan, Übersicht über alle Lerninhalte zur Landeskunde. Pakistani English phonology follows that of British English. Pakistani English or Paklish or Pinglish is the group of English language varieties spoken and written in Pakistan. The type of English taught (and preferred) is British English. & B. IV. [15], English is taught to all school-level Pakistani students, and in many cases the medium of instruction is also in English. Rahman argues that PE is an interference variety of English created by the use of the features of Urdu, Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and other languages spoken in Pakistan. The country also has several regional languages, including Punjabi, Saraiki, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Gujari, Kashmiri, Hindko, Brahui, Shina, Balti, Khowar, Dhatki, Haryanvi, Marwari, Wakhi and Burushaski.Four of these are provincial languages – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, and Balochi. The language of pleading in all courts of Pakistan is also English. Pakistan is dropping English as its official language and switching to Urdu, a popular language in the Indian subcontinent. As a result, British English had less time to become part of local culture though it did become part of elite culture as it was used in elite schools and in higher education, as in the rest of British India. 2018. Bitte aktiviere Javascript, um den vollen Funktionsumfang des Portals nutzen zu können. [9], The term Pinglish is first recorded in 1999, being a blend of the words Pakistani and English, with 'e' changed to 'i' to better represent pronunciation. State-run PTV World is a major English Language News Channel in the country, while previously Dawn News and Tribune 24/7 were other English Language news channels with one later switching its language to Urdu and the other was shut down. (conj. He further divides PE into Anglicised English, which is very similar to the speech and writing of the speakers of British Standard English (BSE), acrolect PE, which is used by Pakistanis educated in English-medium schools, mesolectal PE, which is used by ordinary, Urdu-educated Pakistanis and basilect PE, which is used by people of little formal education, such as guides and waiters.

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